The Game of Golf consists of playing a ball with a club from the teeing ground into a hole by a stroke or successive strokes in accordance with the Rules of Golf.

Handicap Matchplay

Before starting a match in a handicap competition, the players should determine from one another their respective handicaps.  If a player begins a match having declared a handicap higher than that to which he is entitled and this affects the number of strokes given or received, he is disqualified; otherwise, the player must play off the declared handicap.

Scoring in stroke play


Slow Play

The player must play without undue delay and in accordance with any pace of play guidelines the the Committee may establish.  Between completition of a hole and playing from the next teeing ground, the player must not unduly delay play.


  • Match Play- On any day of a match play competition, a player may practice on the competition course before a round.
  • Stroke Play- Before a round or play-off on any day of a stroke play competition, a competitor must not practice on the competition course or test the surface of any putting green on the course by rolling a ball or roughening or scraping the surface.   When 2 or more rounds of a stroke play competition are to be played over consecutive days, a competitor must not practice between these rounds on any competition course remaining to be played, or test the surface of any putting green on such course by rolling a ball or roughening or scraping the surface.
  • Exception- Practice putting or chipping on or near the first teeing ground or any practice area before starting a round or play-off is permitted.



Penalty for first breach:  General Penalty (applied to the player's first hole).

Penalty for second breach:  Disqualification


During a stipulated round, a player must not:

  • Give advice to anyone in the competition playing on the course other than his partner, or 
  • Ask for advice from anyone other than his partner or either of their caddies.



General Penalty

Indicating line of play


Incorrect information on Rules

Order of play

Match play/Stroke play:

Purpose of Rule:

Rule 6.4 covers the order of play throughout a hole.  The order of play from the teeing area depends on who has the honour, and after that is based on which ball is the farthest from the hole.

  • In match play, the order of play is fundamental;  if a player plays out of turn, the opponent may cancel that stroke and make the player play again.
  • In stroke play, there is no penalty for playing out of turn, and players abre both allowed and encouraged to play "ready golf" - that is, to play out of turn in a safe and responsible way.

Teeing ground and teeing markers

A player may stand outside the teeing ground to play a ball from within it.


If a ball, when not in play, falls off a tee or is knocked off a tee by the player in addressing it, it may be re-teed, without penalty.  However, if a stroke is made at the ball in these circumstances, whether the ball is moving or not, the stroke counts, but there is no penalty.


Under Rule 6, tee markers are deemed to be fixed before making the first stroke with any ball from the teeing ground.  Are tee markers movable obstructions thereafter?



Playing from outside teeing ground.

​Match play

If a player, when starting a hole, plays a ball from outside the teeing ground, there is no penalty, but the opponent may immediately require the player to cancel the stroke and play a ball from within the teeing ground.

Stroke play

If a competitor, when starting a hole, plays a ball from outside the teeing ground, he incurs a penalty of two strokes and must then play a ball from within the teeing ground.

If the competitor makes a stroke from the next teeing ground without first correcting his mistake or, in the case of the last hole of the round, leaves the putting green without first declaring his intention to correct his mistake, he is disqualified.

The stroke from outside the teeing ground and any other subsequent strokes by the competitor on the hole prior to his correction of the mistake do no count in his score.